Navajo Superintendent Annual Reports, 1912


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NARRATIVE Page Section 1V. Industries. Annual Report, 1912. The Navajo Indians of this reservation, numbering about 10, 000, are tenders of flocks and weavers of blankets. Their cattle, horses and sheep range over portions of New Mexico and Arizona. These Indians are pastoral people and not farmers, al thought every family has a small piece of ground where they grow corn, hay and vegetables. These small farms are irrigated by flood waters from melting snow in the mountains. Owing to the lack of snow in the mountains and the extreme dry weather this year their crops are very light. These people are progressive and intelli gent. Not considering their crops, these people derive from the sales of their wool, stock and blankets nearly$ 500, 000 annually. Farming does not appeal to the Navajo very strongly, although more land is being cultivated each year, which is very encourag ing. The stock industry is their greatest source of income; everything is being done to improve this industry that is possible. This year these Indians were induced to buy over 300 stock rams for the purpose of upbreeding their flocks. They are learning that it is more profitable to keep good animals than it is to keep poor ones. These people are provided with wagons, mowers, harrows, plows, hay rakes, shovels, hoes, garden rakes, axes and mattocks. The se implements are issued to them and paid for in labor. These implements are well cared for, With the exception of about 75 Indians, all are self supporting.

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