Leupp Superintendent Annual Reports, 1918


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NARRATIVE, Section IV 光光光光 》 光产者形 Industries. Any program for the advancement of the Indians industrially and morally can only be carried out successfully where there is close personal supervision of each individual Indian. Employes resident among them and fully equipped alone can accomplish this. In so far as possible I have encouraged the Indian s al ong the lines of dry farming and stock raising. This is the way they make their living and have done always. But they could improve their methods by cleaning up the land in the fall so that cultivation in the spring would not be attended with so many difficulties. They have always done their work with a hoe, and the results are smaller than they would be if they prepared the land better, plantod accurately, and cultivated with implements suited to their ponies. The objection to doing work in ad vance is that the distribution of moisture is so uncertain that it may not be possible to plant in the same place two successive years. On account of the alkalal and character of the soil in the twenty acres fenced for an irrigated farm here it has always been impossible to make a success of farming. I am operating on better land and have succeeded in raising crops. But there is still a great deal of Work to be done. The agency and school farms are consolidated and will produce profitably in time. Across the Little Colorado River about two miles Corn Creek empties out on a big flat and here I am planting and raising corn with Indian labor and Indian methods of dry farming. I have just received two disk cultivators and am going to cultivate with the agency and school help. Planting was done by the Indians and they had to go fourteen inches for moisture in some instances. Corn, beans, watermelons, pumpkins and squash are raised by the Indians. Their knowledge of dry farming and desert conditions is intimate. They save their own seed and their varieties are all acclimated. These Indians do their farming on lands distributed over a wide area and to which they have no title in most instances. Their corn fields are just as apt to be on railroad lands or state School lands as upon the allotment selections which have never been patented to them. These Indians own more stock than they have grass for. In fact they have stock enough to graze the total area they live on including their allotment selections, the Government land, the Railroad Land and the State School Land. As there is not now the slightest chance of their getting even all the Government land any increase in their stock is Impossible. Representatives of the Bureau of Animal Industry have been working to eradicate dourine for two years, and they are getting more re actors this year than they did last. With the Indians freely passing from one part of the Navajo country to another it will be a difficult matter to eradicate douring in any one locality without making one one big job of it.

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