Leupp Superintendent Annual Reports, 1917

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NARRATIVE. IV--- Industries. ** Ong 1. A program for the advancement of the Indians industrially and morally presupposes the means to carry it into effect. Farmers, field matrons, stockmen and other employos with stations equipped for the work are all necessary. Here there is one farmer located properly among the Indians and his equipment leaves much to be desired, and there are no other employes either located or equipped for fieid work. In. So far as possi blo I have encouraged the Indians to grea ter effort along the lines of dry farming and stock- raising. Most important is the preparation of the land in the fall for the following spring planting. Plowing in the sprir ng results in a disastrous loss of moisturo. 2. The School and Agency farm is worked as a unit. And I have opened up new land that will in time make a productive farm. It is st111 in need of leveling and cultivation, as the land is raw. But fairly good crops were raised last year and the results will be better next. I have just succeeded in getting the irrigation water upon part of the land and am preparing the balance for dry farming. I should get good results the coming soason. Across the river at the discharge of Corn Creek I have prepared b out 100 acres for planting next spring. ( a) Conditions now have not changed materially from the past so far as. methods of the Indians are concerned. They know more about the land and raising crops under desert conditions than anyone. Ordinary farmers coming here have to spend years in learning the conditions and methods necessary to success. The Indians planted more corn during the past year and are better off than usual in this respect. ( b- h) Corn, beans watermelons, and pumpkins and squash are the crops raised by the Indians under their extremely scientific methods of dry farming. I have been associated with the desert Indians for years and am astonished at their intimate knowledge of methods necessary to success. On account of the short season at this high altitude many of their crops anly partly mature. They make a careful selection of the matured seed for the succeeding season, and store the seed most ingenio usly. In planting they plant each individual hill by hand, first prepari: ing a seed bed in moisture and protecting it with a fine earth mulch. But all these things the Indians do themselves without help from anyone as there are no such number of employes or farm stations as can reach them. The development of any industries among these Indians is done under the most uncertain and unsatisfactory conditions. Every odd section in the length and bredth of this jurisdiction is the property of the railroads. And two sections in every Township an and four in some is the property of the State as State School Lands. Not an allotment selection has ever been patented to an Indian and so far as I know there is not one who has any legal title to the land he lives on. Therefor the statutes made and provided for the protestion of Indian country afford no adequate protection to these Indians

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