Leupp Superintendent Annual Reports, 1915


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Section IV** Indistries( Continued. such an investigation as would warrant making a report and recommend ation. The Lakes are formed by the drainage of a country that exton ds eighty milos north from them. There is annually a considerable overflow which is not conserved or used. The rising of the Lakes floods ground that the Indians now use for corn and other crops. But I think the shallow lakes that cover an immense area could be easily and cheaply reservoired, the water raised three or four feet with a dirt embankment possibly one- fourth of a milo long, and the water Used in the valley of Corn Creek which is excellent Boil. One of the La kes is at least five miles round and if the project is feasible, as I believe it is, it would provide a splendid body of land for the Indians, a small part of which could be used to produce forage and vegetables for this school. The office work here has been 80 laborious on account of lack of clerbcal force that I have had 11ttlo opportunity to investigate such projects many of which I am sure may be found in the area occupied by the Indians of this jurisdic tion, 2. As above stated the Indians farm as a matter of self- support and necessity. Little is done to help them as there is no force that can be devoted to that purpose. 3. A11 the Navajos are self- supporting, and necessity with them, as with all the rest of us, is the best incentive to industry of any kind. 4. The Indians do most of their work with a hoe and rake, and the strong mattock is also a favority tool. They do not do a great a a mount of plowing, and I am in some doubt, since I tried it, whether it is always advisable to plow. This may appear strange to those who associate the plow as a necessity with agriculture. But this is a strange country. Where ground is overflowed the Indians dig down through the hard surface to the moist ground beneath and with the point of a hardwood stick make a perfect sood- bed. In this they carefully plant the seed and cover first with moist earth and then with the dry surfacs sand, Corn seems to fairly" jump" from the ground and makes in a short time a surprising growth. 4e. The Indians ponies are small but hardy, strong, and good foragers and best adapted to the ir present needs, Crossed with the Morgan strain they improve in size and loose nothing in strength and endur ance. The Morgan is about the best of the range horses and has been the fa vorite a mong stockmen in the west for a long time. To cross the small Indian ponies with very heavy draft horses is a mistake as such animals are not adapted to the severe conditions that often exist on the Indians range, This range may be good for several years and then it may be absolute starvation for one year or even for a succession of two or three years. This condition must be con sidered in any attempt to breed up the Indians pontes. 4a. Stallions, bulls, wagons and harness are the articles purchased from reimbursable funds for these Indians and they value them very hi ghly. Some of the stallions are too heavy for the little mares.

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